Al-Fakhriyah Minaret

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Al Fakhriyyah Minaret - North facing view

The Al-Fakhriyyah Minaret (Arabic: مئذنة الفخرية) was built around 690 AH (1278 AD) by Qadi Sharaf al-Din Abd al-Rahman. Although some sources claim that it was built by the order of Mamluk Sultan Lajin , according to its inscription the Sultan who gave the order was Sultan Nasir ed-Din Baraka Khan: “It was built under the supervision of Judge Şerafeddin Abdurrahman bin es-Sahib el-Vazir el-Fahr ed-Din al-Khalili in h.676-678 / m.1277-1280 during the reign of Sultan Nasir ed-Din Baraka Khan” . On the other hand, al-Jallad, referring to the fact that Fadlallah Al-Omari, who visited Jerusalem in 1345, mentioned only two minarets and did not mention the Al-Fakhariyya minaret, suggests that Al-Fakhariyya Minaret was not built by Judge Fakhr Al-Din, because it was built after 1345 .

It was built in the South Western corner of Masjid Al Aqsa into the outer wall where the Islamic Museum and Al Aqsa Library/Women's Masjid intersect and is the first of Masjid Al Aqsa's four existing minarets to be built.

Al Fakhriyyah Minaret - Northeastern view


The minaret was named after Fakhr al-Din al-Khalili, the father of Sharif al-Din Abd al-Rahman, who supervised the minarets's construction. Another name of the minaret is “Fihri Minaret”.


Al-Fakhriyyah Minaret was built in the traditional Syrian style, with a square-shaped base and shaft. It stands 23-meters high and is the shortest of Masjid Al Aqsa's minarets. The minaret has no foundations and is divided by moldings into three floors, above which two rows of muqarnas decorate the muezzin's balcony. The niche is surrounded by a square chamber that is topped by a lead-covered stone dome.


It has a northern facing entrance which can be reached by a stone ladder located in the south-western corner of Masjid Al Aqsa, at the junction of the Islamic Museum and Women’s Masjid. The minaret is located above the Madrasah al-Fakhariyya. The Islamic Museum was being known "the Maghreb Mosque" before, probably for this reason, the minaret is also known as “the Bab Al Magharibah Minaret”.

It is possible to reach the top of the minaret by fifty steps starting from the Islamic Museum, however, Israeli forces prevent the staff of Al-Aqsa Mosque from climbing it without unaccompanied by Israeli police because the location of the minaret is suitable to directly supervise the Al-Buraq Wall.


Masjid Al Aqsa had 4 minarets before Crusader rule, including one that stood approximately where Al-Fakhriyyah Minaret stands today. The Mamluks built or renovated eight major minarets in Al Quds (English: Jerusalem, Literal Translation: The Holy), including Al-Fakhriyyah Minaret, after they defeated the Crusaders and conquered the city, in an effort to reclaim the Islamic identity of the city after many decades of European occupation. The minaret was rebuilt during the Ottoman period in 1339 AH (1920 AD).

1340 Earthquake

The top of the minaret was damaged in an earthquake that hit Al Quds in 1340 AH (1922 AD) and was repaired by the Islamic Supreme Council who also added a dome atop it. The dome was later covered with lead sheets by the Hashemite Fund for the Restoration of Masjid Al-Aqsa.


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