This minaret was built possibly replacing an earlier Umayyad minaret, made entirely of stone, in the traditional Syrian square tower type. In 1329 C.E, A Mamluk governor of Syria, Amir Tankiz ordered the construction of this minaret in the days of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad. The minaret was built when he built the madrasa al-Tankiziyya. the Chain Gate Minaret/ Bāb al-Silsila Minaret۔ It is constructed on a square-shaped platform, has four corners and a closed balcony, which is standing with the help of stone columns. The entrance door in the South side of minaret leads to a stone spiral staircase with 80 stairs within the core that rises to the muezzin's gallery above this is an octagonal lantern surmounted by a circular drum and bulbous stone dome, now covered in lead. The minaret is reached by Madrasa al-Ashrafiyya.
This minaret is located near the Chain Gate/ Bāb al-Silsila (Arabic: باب السلسلہ), on the western border of the al-Aqsa Mosque.
From the beginning of the 16th century the Bab al-Silsila Minaret was reserved for the best muezzins (reciter/ caller) of the adhan (the prayer call) in Jerusalem. The first call for every prayer would come from the muezzin of this minaret and the voices of muezzins from other minarets would follow. Today, this minaret is not allowed by the Israeli Occupation Forces to come to the minaret or approach by the Israeli Occupation for the purpose of protecting the Jews who prayed for looking at the Burak Wall.
The top of the minaret was replaced by an Ottoman-style 'pencil point' spire, which was replaced by a smooth cutout and a semicircular dome during Ottoman period. The dome was damaged in an earthquake in the 19th century and was restored by the Islamic Foundation in 1923-24, during this restoration of 1923-4, the existing canopy and lead coating on the dome were erected.
https://madainproject.com/minarets_of_al_aqsa_mosque#bab-al-silsila-minaret Burgoyne, Michael Hamilton. 1987. Mamluk Jerusalem: An Architectural Study. Jerusalem: British School of Archeology in Jerusalem, 244. Burgoyne, Michael H. 1976. A Chronological Index to the Muslim Monuments of Jerusalem. In The Architecture of Islamic Jerusalem. Jerusalem: The British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem. Bab al-Silsila Minaret Archived 2013-11-02 at the Wayback Machine Archnet Digital Library. Jacobs, 2009, p.106. "Mi'dhanat Bab al-Silsila". Archnet. Retrieved 2020-04-21. "Mescidi Aksa Rehberi" (PDF).