Marwani Musalla

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The monument (Arabic: المصلى المرواني‎) is the largest of the covered spaces within the Al Haram- Al Sharif (Al-Aqsa Guide 2013, 18) and known as El-Marwani Mosque (Kaplony 2002, 194) which located in the south-eastern corner of al-Aqsa enclave in Quds. It is at the bottom of stairs which lead down from the al-Aqsa Mosque and an underground space which is used by muslims in order to pray (Al-Ratrout 2004, 385)

History [edit]

El-Marwani Mosque is also known as the south-eastern basement of al-Aqsa Mosque and "Solomon's Stables". As a matter of fact, this name was in existence in the history of Quds since the time of the Crusades when the Knight Templars used this part as stables for their horses (Le Strange 1890,159, Abu Shammalah 2019, 54 and Çalı 2018, 163). So many of the piers in the basement are pierced at the corners to form tethers for the horses (Al-Ratrout 2004, 385). The crusaders covaried the function of buildings with social, cultural and religious structure in the Quds at that time (Küçüksipahioğlu 2018, 342).

Architecture [edit]

The construction of the south-eastern basement of al-Aqsa enclave, Marwani Mosque, date back to the early Muslim. There are significant evidences which is favour of an early Islamic date. Charrles Warren and Claude Conder, who examined the construction techniques and masonry used in the south-eastern basement, suggested that it is contemporaneous with the adjacent vaults of Abwab Mihrab Mariam (Warren and Claude 1884, 164). In addition, in the enclave, there is a paved street which leading up to Bab al-Nabi and Abwab Mihrab Mariam and date back to early Islamic period (Al-Ratrout 2004, 385). This Street is a part of the Umayyad period (Mazar 2011, 4-5, Awwad and St. Laurent 2013, 15) and dates back to the first century (Al-Ratrout 2004, 385). According to Gibson and Jacobson, there is the arch which resembles to the Roman Robinson's arch at the south-east corner of the enclave, though it is thought to be the remains of the first century (Gibson and Jacobson 1996, 277). At first, there was too many slopes on the south side of the enclave and it was not flat. The platform was built to eliminate the slope and to be at the same level as the northern part of the enclave (Al-Aqsa Guide 2013, 18). According to Karl Baedeker, the vaults (the basement) might extend further North (Baedeker 1912, 62).

References [edit]

1.Kaplony, Andreas (2002). The Haram of Jerusalem, 324–1099: Temple, Friday Mosque, Area of Spiritual Power. Zurich: Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 194. ISBN 978-3515079013.

2.Le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under The Moslems. p. 158.

3.Abu Shammalah, Sharif Amin (2019). Bayt Al-Maqdis: A short History From Ancient To Modern Times in "Al-Quds History, Religion and Politics". Ankara: SETA. p. 54. ISBN 9786057544773.

4.Çalı, Erol (2018). Hüznün Başkenti Kudüs. İstanbul: Destek Yayınları. pp. 163, 253. ISBN 9786053113508.

5.Al-Ratrout, Haithem F. (2004). The Architectural Development Of Al-Aqsa Mosque In The Early Islamic Period Sacred Architecture In The Shape Of The 'Holy'. United Kingdom: Al-Maktoum Institute Academic Press. pp. 385–401.

6.Küçüksipahioğlu, Birsel (2018). Haçlıların 15 Temmuz 1099'da Kudüs'ü Ele Geçirmesi in "Kudüs ve Mescid-i Aksa". Mardin: Mardin Artuklu Üniversitesi Yayınları. p. 342. ISBN 9786054202430.

7.Claude Conder, Charrles Warren (1884). The Survey of Western Palestine. London. p. 164.

8.David M. Jacobson, Shimon Gibson (1996). Below the Temple Mount in Jerusalem: A Sourcebook on the Cisterns, Subterranean Chambers and Conduits of the Ḥaram Al-Sharīf. United Kingdom: BAR Publishing. p. 277. ISBN 9780860548201.

9.Awwad, Isam, St. Laurent, Beatrice. "The Marwani Musalla in Jerusalem: New Findings". Art and Art History Faculty Publications. 57: 7–30.

10.Mazar, Eilat. "The Temple Mount Excavations In Jerusalem 1968-1978 Directed By Benjamın Mazar". Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. 52: 1–350.

11.Baedeker, Karl (1912). Palestine and Syria: With Routes Through Mesopotamia and Babylonia and the Island of Cyprus. London: Leipsic. p. 62.

12.Al-Aqsa Guide 2013 TİKA