Qatanin Gate

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The Cotton Gate / Cotton Merchants' Gate (Mamluks Period)

Cotton Merchants Gate (Photo by alamy.com )


The Cotton Merchants’ Gate (Arabic: باب القطانين‎‎), also known as ‘Bab al-Qattanin’, is one of the gates which leads into al-Aqsa Mosque from the western side. It is one of the most beautiful, the most magnificent and the biggest doors of Al-Jami al-Aqsa (Ghosheh, 2005). The upper part of the door is decorated with honeycomb motifs (Ghosheh, 2005). It is located between the Mathara Gate and Hadid Gate in the western porticoes of al-Aqsa Mosque. This gates entrance is rectangular and 4 meters high. It was built by the Mamluk Sultan Muhammad bin Qaloun in 1336 (Ghosheh, 2005).


This gate is used to go to the Cotton market in the Old City of Islamicjerusalem from the courtyard of al-Aqsa Mosque. Also, Muslims coming to al-Aqsa Mosque from the Al-Khalil Gate mostly use this gate (Hadi, 2013). Its name is derived from the fact that the gate leads out to the Cotton market. On the other hand, since the cotton grown on the coastline is marketed in this market, the name of this market is called Cotton market (Ghosheh, 2005). This market consists of many shops side by side. Its length is 95 meters. It was built by the Mamluk Governor Emir Seyfeddin Tenkiz between the years 1336-1378 (Price, 2013).

This gate is closed during Fajr and Isha prayers (Hadi, 2013).


References

Margoliouth, D. S., (2010). Cairo, Jerusalem & Damascus: Three Chief Cities of the Egyptian Sultans. Walter S. S. Tyrwhitt, illustrator. Cosimo, Inc. p. 329. ISBN 978-1-61640-065-1. Access Address: https://books.google.com.tr/books?id=uGFf2OD0ZVgC&pg=PA329&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

Price, J. R., (2013) Rose Guide To The Temple. Rose Publishing 2013. p. 135. ISBN 9781596364684. Access Address: https://books.google.com.tr/books?id=MtBDcXiJYzAC&pg=PA119&lpg=PA119&dq=Bab+al-Thulathe&source=bl&ots=J_GwQvufwz&sig=FXtyyc2I0KahNzLRmEL5gCD-Wg4&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Bab%20al-Thulathe&f=false

Ghosheh, M., H., (2005), Guide to the Masjid al-Aqsa: an Architectural and Historical Guide to the Islamic Monuments in Masjid al-Aqsa. Access Address: https://fada.birzeit.edu/handle/20.500.11889/4857

Hadi, M. A., (2013). “Al-Aqsa Mosque Al-Haram Ash-Sharif.” Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs, PASSIA. Supported by TİKA.