Dome of the Prophet

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The Dome of the Prophet (Arabic: قبة النبي‎, Qubbat an-Nabi) is also known as the Dome of the Messenger and the Dome of Muhammed (Kaplony 2002, 84) is a free-standing dome on the side of the Dome of the Rock ( . It is a part of the terrace of the Dome of the Rock and locate the northwest of it in al-Aqsa Mosque or Al-Haram Al-Sharif (

The Dome of the Prophet, in Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa in Bayt al-Maqdis (Photo by Wikimedia Commons)


Originally, the Dome of the Prophet, which date back to before the Crusader period, moreover it was rebuilt its dome by Muhammad Bey, Ottoman Governor of Al-Quds Al-Sharif in 1539, in the time of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman (Aslan 2015, 94). Its last renovation was made in the reign of Sultan Abdul Majid II ( Several Muslim writers, most notably al-Suyuti and al-Wasiti claimed that the site of the dome is where Muhammad led the former prophets and angels in prayer on the night of Isra and Mir'aj before ascending to Heaven (Armstrong, Guy and Çalı 2018, 249). Endowment documents from the Ottoman period indicate that a portion of the endowment of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Haseki Sultan Imaret was dedicated to maintain the lighting of an oil-lamp in the Dome of the Prophet each night (Uğurluel 2017, 289).


The Dome of the Prophet's octagonal structure is built atop eight gray marble columns. The dome, which is covered with sheet lead and being without walls (Guy 1890, 155), is hemispherical and is supported by pointed arches decorated with red, black and white stones. The ancient mihrab is made of a white marble slab embedded in the floor and surrounded by red-coloured stones and subsequently delimited by a low wall, that opens in the north to allow entrance to the believers heading southward to Mecca in Muslim prayers (


1.Kaplony, Andreas (2002). The Ḥaram of Jerusalem (324-1099): Temple, Friday Mosque, Area of Spiritual Power. Zurich: Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 84. ISBN 978-3515079013.

2.Elad, Amikam (1999). Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship: Holy Places, Ceremonies, Pilgrimage. Netherlands: Brill. pp. 307, 308. ISBN 9004100105.

3.Aslan, Halide. "Osmanlı Döneminde Kudüs'teki İlmî Hayat". Journal of Islamic Research. 2015;26(3):93-9: 94.

4.Uğurluel, Talha (2017). Arzın Kapısı Kudüs. Istanbul: Timaş. p. 289. ISBN 978-605-08-2425-4.

5.Le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under The Moslems. pp. 123, 154, 155.

6.Armstrong, Karen. "Sacred Space: The Holiness of IslamicJerusalem". Journal of IslamicJerusalem Studies. 1(1): 5–20.

7.Çalı, Erol (2018). Hüznün Başkenti Kudüs. İstanbul: Destek Yayınları. p. 249. ISBN 9786053113508.